“THE ISLAMIC ALTERNATIVE – OPENINGS AND CLOSURES OF RADICALISM “, by Massimo Campanini
The essay entitled “The Islamic alternative. Openings and closures of radicalism ” represents the third stage of a journey of reflection through which Massimo Campanini, university lecturer expert in Islamic political culture, explores the theme of political thought in Islam.
In particular, with this volume , brief but particularly dense in its contents, the author, recalling what was claimed by an authoritative Egyptian philosopher of the twentieth century, Hasan Hanafi , namely that ” contemporary Islam is still alive because it is the only one political and ideological system that has not surrendered to the dominant world view imposed by the West ” , analyzes the possible Islamic alternative, the reasons for its current failure and its future potential.
The fundamental question raised by the author is whether the Islamic movements of the last decades of our era have represented and still represent a form of constituent power, having a revolutionary force, that is potentially capable of giving rise to a radical change of the political and economic addresses regulating the globalized world today and to undermine the “Western” project of homogenization and unification of the world.
Campanini, in order to avoid misunderstandings, makes it clear that his analysis is certainly not addressed to the “terrorist Islam that, totally devoted to its destruction and, without a real political project, has represented rather an hostacle of a full unfolding of Islamic subjectivity and, in fact, it is one of the reasons for the current failure of a possible Islamic alternative. Instead, radical movements such as the Muslim Brotherhood are the object of particular attention , in the awareness of the authentic ” revolutionary ” value of Islam , founded on the solid foundations of the Koran and the prophetic sunna .
The reflection of Campanini is enriched and substantiated by numerous quotations from great Islamic thinkers, of which large significant songs are shown from which the reader can take the occasion of knowledge and inspiration to study the ethical concepts of Islam and its policies.
In particular, the author highlights the differences between Shiism and political Sunnism , in order to analyze , in all its aspects, the theoretical-political subjectivity of Islam and its evolution in the last decades of the twentieth century .
The essay concludes with a last question : “ Are we facing the end of the constituent power of Islam? “, A question that, according to Campanini , does not find a definitive answer, but numerous answers of opposite sign .
In particular, the author , after probing the reasons that , in his opinion , have determined the crisis of the constituent power of Islamic movements – including the myth of the Prophet’s time, the blindness of jihadist terrorism, the rejection of culture and of contemporary civilization, the impoverishment of Islamic political thought ………. – finally, it suspends the judgment, even with an attentive eye to grasping the future developments of a reality that is currently not susceptible to reliable forecasts.